Various Kinds of Dock Loading Apparatus
Equipment for dock loading is used to facilitate safe and easy loading and offloading and relocation of material at docks. This article will discuss the different kinds of dock equipment, their uses and also characteristics.
Dock levelers is one such equipment. This equipment ensures easy movement of goods from the docks to the trucks. Dock levers form a bridge between the harbor and the trailers, therefore, making sure there is a safe and easy transfer of goods. There are three types of dock levelers depending on the drive mechanism they possess. These are, hydraulic, mechanic and pneumatic.
The cheapest kind of levelers is the mechanical one. It has a spring and chain mechanism that lifts or lowers the deck. Hydraulic levelers are used when transferring material that is large in volume. This type is automatic and is activated by pushing a button. Pneumatic levelers raise the deck by using airbags. Pneumatic levers are gaining popularity because of their simple operation mode and cost less to maintain.
The vertical dock leveler is another commonly used one. This is a hydraulic leveler that stays vertical when it is not being used. Due to this characteristic, this leveler can keep clean and its energy efficiency enhanced.
Before buying a leveler, one needs to take into account the volume of material that requires transfer, the weight that the leveler can handle, and whether it has height adjustment features.
There is yet another loading equipment at the dock called the vehicle restraint. This equipment ensures that safety is maintained at the harbor. Vehicle restraints keep the trucks for offloading and loading held in pace. This is necessary as accidents can occur while trucks are moving the loaded material. You can use Electro-hydraulic, Electro-mechanical or mechanical vehicle restraints in your facility. Consider choosing user-friendly kind of loading equipment.
In addition, there is the Dock seals gear used in loading at the harbor. It is used to fill in the gaps between the truck and the dock door. This ensures there is no air leakage. It also improves the safety of goods and aids in preventing their contamination . This contamination usually occurs because of air infiltration. One of them is the inflatable seals, which are the most common type. This kind seals the upper part and wings of the trailer. The pad seal is another type which is very common for its low cost.
Aside from the above-mentioned equipment, there exists many other kinds of loading equipment like pumpers, lights, lifts etc. Several factors should be considered before purchasing loading dock equipment. Some of those include, the manufacturer, cost, safety features and equipment specifications like the capacity to bear certain weight size and material of the equipment.