It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. However the travelling has its darker side. The reason is that you may contract bacteria or viruses that are very new to you and don’t even exist in your home country. Travel vaccine, therefore, play an important role in preserving your life.
The subject of travel vaccinations thus becomes quite an unsettling issue for most travelers. The kind of booster jab you will receive before you travel is determined by the season in which you will be travelling and the geographical location of the place you will be visiting. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
One such disease common in tropical surroundings, is Japanese Encephalitis which is spread by mosquitoes carrying the virus. The symptoms are usually mild but it can end up causing swelling in the brain. Travel jab should be administered one month before traveling and in three doses. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Another disease is Malaria which is a tropical disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. The symptoms of a malaria infection begin to show 10 days to 21 days after infection and they may include all or some of the following; flu-like symptoms, joint and muscle -aches, fever, chills, vomiting, nausea and a general feeling of being sick. Malaria prevention is done by administering a course of anti-malarial tabs 3weeks before you travel and continued 4 weeks after your return home. Regions concerned include, Africa, Middle East, and Asia.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. It is spread through poor hygiene in contaminated water or food. Dirrhea, headache, and fever are among symptoms associated with this viral disease. This disease is dangerous. The travel inoculation is given one month before departure. Additionally, you should take care when eating food, eg eat fruits you have washed and peeled for yourself, water -take boiled or treated clean tapped or bottle sealed water. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
There is another serious disease namely Yellow Fever. It is a disease that is only found in tropical South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is caused by a bite from an infected mosquito. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. This is a dangerous disease. In some countries, East Africa in particular, requires a certificate of inoculation before entry. The travel inoculation for yellow fever is administered 10 days before departure and lasts as long as 10 years.
Its important to visit a travel clinic to get the appropriate jab for you so that you can have a successful and safe trip.